By direct contact with infected cats as the disease can be passed on through body secretions, particularly faeces
Through an infected cat’s litter tray, bedding, food bowls and grooming
From infected queens to their kittens during pregnancy, causing stillbirths or kittens with coordination issues and other abnormalities
May be spread through infected cat for up to 6 weeks and persist in the environment for up to 1 year following infection
Depression, loss of appetite, vomiting, abdominal pain and frequent bloody diarrhoea
Severe dehydration due to persistent diarrhoea and even death can occur, particularly in kittens
Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV)
Less common but very serious
Kittens younger than 8 weeks are the most susceptible with the exception of those born to immunised mothers
How it’s spread
By mutual grooming, fighting, sneezing or communal feed bowls/toys
From infected queens to their kittens during pregnancy and through their milk
Following exposure some cats are able to mount an immune response and eliminate the virus, however some cats can remain persistently infected and release the virus in secretions including saliva, tears, urine and nasal discharge
Loss of appetite, weight loss, anaemia, vomiting, diarrhoea, reproductive problems, infections, tumours, depression and lethargy
Suppression of the immune system, potentially resulting in secondary disease
Death (mostly due to the severe immune suppression and development of secondary diseases) can occur as quickly as 3 months or take as long as 3 years
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