In ancient time backyard poultry farming was only the way to rear chicken for meat consumption, that poultry rearing was not so popular or important. One reason behind it may be the food supply was more than demand. But now the scenario has completely changed. Population of the world is increasing rapidly and hence the protein requirement too. For this reason poultry farming and developing is very important. But there are challenged in poultry farming which are enlisted below.
Poultry immunity, health, and production are several factors that challenge the future growth of the poultry industry. Consumer confidence, product quality and safety, types of products, and the emergence and re-emergence of diseases will continue to be major challenges to the current situation.
Some people thought that poultry farming is not a prestigious occupation. They feel Government / private service or business as their occupation. As a result poultry rearing was not becoming popular.
Many people of our country are interested in starting this business but cannot proceed because of their financial conditions. Many people want to raise poultry but they can’t due to lack of capital. The government should start some schemes or loan without any investment, where the interest will very low and terms and condition should not be hectic. This system can increase poultry business.
At present we have a great shortage of poultry vaccines. Many vaccine has to import from foreign country at very high cost. We have to produce vaccine and medicine in our country. Because poultry rearing is impossible without vaccine and medicine.
Knowledge about poultry breed, food, management, vaccine etc. are very poor to the people of our country. The government should train the new farmer, women and unemployed young generation. The new one can be inspired through training.
Most of the people of our country are poor. Many people want to raise poultry but they can’t due to lack of capital. The government should give loan without any investment, where the interest will very low and terms and condition will be easy. This system can increase poultry business.
Due to lack of chick availability this business is not popular in village area. Govt. and private farm of our country produce very small part baby poultry per year as compare with requirement.
But the annual demand is double than supply. Importing from foreign country is very expensive and risky. So many govt. and private hatcheries should be established to keep this industry.
Poultry housing in our country requires huge capital due to lack of capital and investment this becomes the challenge for poultry industry.
Knowledge about poultry strain, feed, farm management, vaccine and medicine etc. is very poor to the people of our country. Training from government should be given to the new farmer, women and unemployed young generation, so that people can be inspired through training.
These Training can be summarized in the following:
1. Biosecurity and hygiene in poultry farming, immunity and disease control
2. Viral and bacterial diseases and their threats
3. Broiler, Layer and Breeder management
4. Basic poultry husbandry, behavior, and welfare
5. Poultry product quality and hygiene
6. A recent update on the poultry industry.
Road Transportation system in our country is very poor. Because of poor transportation and poor road condition, many a times there is delay in arrival of day old chicks, feed delivery or medicines and vaccines.
As there is no easy method of poultry transportation and marketing of eggs and meat, almost all farmer sell their product through middle man where this middle man becomes more profitable than end user and farmer. During transportation losses can occur as the bird can die or egg breakage will be there which increase the rate of meat and egg. So, sell the poultry products by considering accurate transportation method, grading, weight etc.
Recently, there is greater concern about the welfare of poultry birds, hygiene, and disease control that may be result from high genetic potential to produce egg and meat. Indeed, genetic pressure to improve the productive performance of animals adversely affects animals' welfare and natural immunity and thus disease tolerance.
However, genetic selection occurs with improved practices of husbandry, disease control, and nutrition manipulation. However various researches & efforts are been carried out in India to maintain the welfare of chickens.